Catalogue & chronology

The names of ships are in black, bold text. The surnames in red are authors of works included in the exhibition, with their catalogue number and year of publication. I poached the chronology from the much more detailed page at south-pole.com


1496: John Cabot and his three sons (1. Ramusio, 1565 - incl. Cartier.)

1576: Martin Frobisher's first voyage, MICHAEL and GABRIEL.

1577: Martin Frobisher's second voyage to (now) Frobisher's Bay, under the auspices of the Cathay Company. AYDE, MICHAEL and GABRIEL returned to England

1578: Martin Frobisher's third voyage to the Arctic.

1585: John Davis's 1st voyage SUNSHINE and MOONSHINE.

1586: John Davis's 2nd voyage MERMAID, SUNSHINE, MOONSHINE, NORTH STAR.

1587: John Davis's 3rd voyage SUNSHINE, ELIZABETH, ELLEN. (2. Hakluyt, 1589 - Frobisher & Davis)

1602: George Waymouth, sent by the East India Company, DISCOVERY

1610: Henry Hudson, aboard DISCOVERY.  

1611: Thomas Button sailed on the RESOLUTION, with the DISCOVERY in company

1615: Robert Bylot and William Baffin, in the DISCOVERY.

1619-20: Backed by the King of Denmark, Jens Munk

1631-32: Captain Thomas James (3. n.d.) commanded the HENRIETTA MARIA while Captain Luke Foxe commanded the CHARLES.

1668: The small vessel NONSUCH

(4. Bernard, Recuil de voyages au nord. 1716-19)

1719: Captain James Knight leads two ships, never seen again.

1741-42: Captain Christopher Middleton, the FURNACE and DISCOVERY (5. A. Dobbs, 1744)

1746-47: Commanded by William Moor DOBBS & Francis Smith CALIFORNIA (6. Anon. 1746; 7. Ellis, 1748)

(8. Miller, Voyages from Asia to America... 1761. Engl. ed.)

1770-72: Samuel Hearne (14. 1795), overland

1773: Constantine John Phipps, RACEHORSE, Lutwidge, CARCASE. (9. Anon., 1774; 10. Barrington, 1775; 17. Barrington, 1818. 2nd ed.)

1776-80: James Cook's (12. 1785) 3rd voyage HMS RESOLUTION & HMS DISCOVERY (11. Ellis, 1782)

1789: Alexander Mackenzie (16. 1801), overland (13. Meares, 1790)

1792-94: Captain George Vancouver (15. 1798), northwest coast of America.

1817: William Scoresby, a young whaling captain (19. O'Rielly, 1818)

1818: John Ross (20. 1819) first voyage, ISABELLA. Lt. Edward Parry accompanies in ALEXANDER.

1819: In command of the, David Buchan, DORTHEA. Lt. John Franklin is second in command aboard the TRENT. (18. Barrow, 1818; 21. Fisher, 1821; 38. Beechey, 1843)

1819-20: William Edward Parry (23. 1821), HECLA leads his first expedition in search of the Northwest Passage. Lt. Matthew Liddon is second in command, GRIPER. (24. Sabine, Ed.)

1819-21: In conjunction with Edward Parry's 1st voyage, John Franklin (26. & 27. 1823) first overland

(22. Kotzebue, Entdeckungs-Reise in die Sud-See...1821; 25. Choris, Voyage pittoresque... 1822)

1821-23: Edward Parry (29. 1824), FURY, second voyage. George Lyon (28. 1824), HECLA.

1824-25: HECLA and FURY, Parry's (30. 1826) third voyage

1825-27: John Franklin's (31. 1828) 2nd land expedition to the Coppermine River w/ John Richardson.

1827: On June 1, Edward Parry, aboard HECLA, leaves Spitsbergen on an attempt to reach the North Pole. Second in command is James Clark Ross.

1825-28: F.W. Beechey (32. 1831), BLOSSOM to the north Pacific.

1829-33: John Ross's (34. 1835) 2nd expedition. (33. Huish, 1835)

1833: George Back (35. 1836), descends the Great Fish River in search of John Ross. (36. King, 1836)

1836-37: Sir George Back (37. 1838) TERROR, abandoned when ship damaged.

1837-39: Overland expedition led by Peter Dease and Thomas Simpson (39. 1843). (40. A. Simpson, 1845)

1845-47: Tragedy befalls John Franklin and his men as he commands EREBUS and TERROR. (41. Admiralty Papers Relating to..., 1848 - 1856; 42. Goodsir, An Arctic Voyage... 1850)

1848-49: James Clark Ross. His two senior officers, Leopold M'Clintock and Robert McClure, ENTERPRISE and INVESTIGATOR,

1848-51: John Richardson (45. 1851), Dr. John Rae (43. 1850) second in command of overland expedition.

1848-51: Lt. W.J.S. Pullen HMS HERALD, PLOVER, NANCY

1850-55: Captain Richard Collinson commanding ENTERPRISE and Robert McClure (52. 1856), commanding INVESTIGATOR (53. Armstrong, 1857). Captain Kellett, in the PLOVER, is to accompany them as far as the Bering Strait. (48. Hooper, 1853)

 1850-55: Ten vessels:

      i. Captain Horatio T. Austin, an official four-ship Admiralty dispatch, RESOLUTE, ASSISTANCE, PIONEER and INTREPID, (44. Various, 1852) are later joined by six others:

     ii. William Penny, LADY FRANKLIN and SOPHIA; (47. Sutherland, 1852)

    iii. Sir John Ross, FELIX and NORTH STAR;  

    iv. Grinnell, ADVANCE and RESCUE, Lt. Edwin De Haven. Chief medical officer is Elisha Kent Kane (49. 1854).

1850: An eleventh ship, Charles Codrington Forsyth, PRINCE ALBERT. (46. Snow, 1851)

1851-52: William Kennedy, accompanied by Joseph-René Bellot.

1852-54: Sir Edward Belcher (50. 1854), five-ship Admiralty expedition in search of Franklin, Collinson and McClure. Four ships: ASSISTANCE, PIONEER, RESOLUTE and INTREPID

1852: Edward A. Inglefield explores Smith and Jones Sounds. He returns to England with the false story that Greenland Eskimos had murdered Franklin.

1853-55: Elisha Kent Kane (51. 1856), 2nd U.S. / Grinnell expedition, ADVANCE. Ship's doctor is Isaac Hayes.

1853-54: Dr. John Rae

1857-59: Francis Leopold M'Clintock (54. 1859) commands Lady Franklin's yacht, the FOX,

1860-61: Isaac Hayes (55. 1867), a despised rival of Charles Hall, UNITED STATES

1860-62: American Charles Francis Hall

1864-69: Charles Hall makes his second journey to the Arctic.

1871-73: Charles Hall's 3rd voyage to the Arctic, POLARIS. Hall would die under mysterious circumstances, Nov. 1871.

1875-76:        The British Navy appoints George Nares to lead their last attempt at Arctic exploration, passing Edward Parry's 1827 farthest North. (57. Smith, 1877; 58. Moss, 1878)

Also (56. Anon, 1876 & 59. Gilkerson, 1983)

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